President Trump announced the United States withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement as part of his campaign promise to place more money in the coal industry. The decision to leave the agreement has been highly cautioned to Trump, as the effects of doing so will create a wide spread gap in the union. Even still, Trump is determined to leave the agreement; he believes it will interfere with the creation of coal plant related jobs in Western States. The Paris Agreement, as of today holds 194 countries under the accord, leaving only 2 out , Syria and Nicaragua. The United States, being the world’s 2nd largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, holds a fair amount of responsibility within the agreement. They are essential to presuming provisions that are necessary for the oversight of monitoring, verifying, and reporting emissions. Without this, it is likely that the recording of greenhouse gas emissions could be taken much more loosely, causing a drastic shift in our progression towards climate change.
The Paris Agreement was created by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. It became active during the 21st Conference of Parties of the UNFCCC held in Paris on December 12th, 2015, opening for signature on April 22nd 2016; one hundred and ninety-five signatures were given by May of 2017. The primary goal of the agreement of course, was to regulate and reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of each country, not to increase the temperature of the Earth above 2°C. At this point, dramatic and irreversible effects could take place on the climate. This includes severe damage to coastal cities and developing nations. Participating countries have the ability to decide their own limits on greenhouse gas emissions and how they plan to reduce them. The agreement highlights the important role that ecosystems, biodiversity, and land use can have in the reduction of greenhouse gases.
Other countries have vowed to stay in the Paris Agreement despite Trump’s decision. President Xi Jingping of China has stated that his country will continue to take the necessary steps towards climate change. China is currently the top producer of Greenhouse Gas emissions in the World. These countries have also openly announced their distaste to President Trump’s decision. The Prime Minister of Belgium, Charles Michel, referred to Trump’s actions as ‘brutal’ and against the duties of proper leadership. Miguel Arias Cañete, the European Union’s Commissioner for climate change stated his aversion by tweeting,
“Today's announcement has galvanized us rather than weakened us, and this vacuum will be filled by new broad committed leadership.”
Without the United States’ contributions, the fear is that the major polluting countries will have more of an opportunity to falsely record their emissions. This, could ultimately lead to lack of focus on climate change; backtracking progression that the agreement has already created. Trump announced his decision to withdrawal from the Paris Agreement on June 1st, 2017 at 3 PM.